Thursday, July 31, 2014

The Meaning and Vitues of “La ilaha illallah”

The belief in the words of “La ilaha illallah” cause one to enter Islam, to refute all deities and accept Allah as the only God and Lord of the Universe and what it contains. No one can be a Muslim without believing and adhering to the tenets of of Lá iláha illallah.
Lá iláha illallah is the belief in the divine lordship of Allah (referred to as “ruboobiyyah”), meaning believing that Allah is the only one power who creates, gives life and death, and maintains the affairs of all that’s in this universe.
Lá iláha illallah is the belief in the divine nature (referred to as “uloohiyyah”), meaning believing that Allah is the only one to whom people should devote their words and actions of worship. None therefore should be worshipped but Him.
Lá iláha illallah is the belief in the names and attributes of Allah(referred to as “al-asma’ wa’l-sifaat”), which means affirming what Allah has affirmed for Himself of names and attributes, and denying any attributes that Allah has said are not His, without denying any of His attributes or likening any of His attributes to the attributes of any of His creation.
The excerpts of the sermon that follows later in this post is on the topic of La ilaha illallah and was delivered by the Muslim leader Umar bin Abdul Aziz who sometimes is considered as the fifth caliph in Islam. He was from the Umayyad dynasty and ruled the Muslims from 717 to 720 CE. He was the great-grandson of the companion of the Prophet Muhammad, Umar bin Al-Khattab. Within Islamic history, he was known to be extremely pious and disdainful of worldly luxuries. He preferred simplicity to the extravagance that had become a hallmark of the Umayyad lifestyle, depositing all assets meant for the caliph into the public treasury. He abandoned the caliphate palace and instead preferred to live in modest dwellings.
Umar bin Abdul Aziz delivered the sermon (excerpts follow) on assuming the leadership of the Muslims and highlights the importance of living by the tenets of Láiláha illallah.
All praise is due to Alláh, Who opened the doors of knowledge to those who strived in His worship by granting them the key that is Lá iláha illallah (there is no deity worthy of worship except Alláh).
He resurrected the hearts of the knowledgeable worshippers and filled the cups of those who always remember Him from the fountain of Lá iláha illallah.
He perfected the creation, brought them into existence and sealed this perfection with Lá iláha illallah.
He Who created the fetus from a worthless fluid (semen) so that mankind may worship Him with Lá iláha illalláh.
He sent the Messengers to deliver the good news of this Word Lá iláha illalláh and to warn against whatever contradicts it and to understand its implications.
Lá iláha illalláh is the pillar of the religion and the Thick Rope of Alláh; those who adhere to Lá iláha illalláh will never earn failure.
Verily, the minds of the ignorant ones were led astray and the hearts of the stubborn infidels have earned misguidance on account of their taking two gods, even after the full moon of Lá iláha illallah has risen.
“So know (O Muhammad SAW) that La ilaha ill-Allah (none has the right to be worshipped but Allah), and ask forgiveness for your sin, and also for (the sin of) believing men and believing women.” Quran (47:19)
Muhammad (peace be upon him) embraced this word and declared it. So! Fear Alláh the Exalted and renew your faith by night and by day by contemplating the meanings of Lá iláha illalláh.
O you who have wisdom! Seek your means of (eternal) success granted only to the people of Lá iláha illalláh.
Surely, Lá iláha illalláh is the Word of Islam and the key to the Dwelling of Peace (Paradise).
Verily, the heavens and earth would never have remained, nor would anyone acquire safety on the Day of Gathering except by Lá iláha illalláh.
The humankind divided into two parts and went two separate ways: a group of them adhered to Lá iláha illalláh and the other group strayed away from it. They refused it because they knew that the religion of their ancestors would be annulled if they embraced Lá iláha illalláh. All praise is due to He Who made His slaves different from each other with His Wisdom and Will. Indeed, this is one of the proofs to Lá iláha illalláh.
Tuba (a tree in Paradise) is for those who know the meaning of this testimonial, agree with it and practice its implication inwardly and outwardly. By doing so, they would be realizing and tasting the true essence of Lá iláha illalláh. Verily, woe to those who were driven by the devil to fall into polytheism! They became filled to the top with associating others with Alláh in worship and consequently refused with arrogance to submit to Lá iláha illalláh.
Have you not heard Alláh’s Statement:
“And those whom they invoke instead of Him have no power of intercession; except those who bear witness to the truth (i.e. believed in the Oneness of Allah, and obeyed His Orders), and they know (the facts about the Oneness of Allah).” Quran(43:86)
This is the true essence of Lá iláha illalláh, contrary to the practice of those who utter this testimonial with their words, but contradict it with their actions. These people, do not benefit from saying La iláha illal/ah.
Directing any act of worship to other than Alláh and associating any among the creation with Him in worship are acts of disbelief, even if one pronounced La iláha illalláh a thousand times with his tongue. It was once said to Al Hasan Al-Basri: “Some people say that those who proclaim La iláha illalláh shall enter Paradise.” He said, “Yes. For those who proclaim this word and fulfill its implications and requirements, then saying La iláha illalláh shall enter them into Paradise.” In addition, Wahb bin Munbih asked: “Is not La iláha illalláh the key to Paradise?” He said, “Yes. However, every key has teeth; if you use a key that has teeth it will open for you, otherwise it will not open.”
Therefore, these types of people will not benefit from proclaiming La iláha illalláh because they do not say it from their hearts.
We advise you, O Muslims, to never think that Shirk (Polytheism, which contradicts La iláha illalláh is far away from you, because there are tremendous hindrances and lures that seek to corrupt the sincerity of your uttering La iláha illalláh.
O slaves of Alláh, rush to the forgiveness of your Lord and a paradise as wide as the heavens and earth prepared for the Muttaqin (the pious). They are those who fulfill the duties and responsibilities of La iláha illalláh. They are those, who have not placed any other iláh (god) along with Alláh.
Verily, I am a plain warner to you from Him. Hold on to the pillars of La iláha illalláh. Surely, those who reject what La ilaha illallah rejects, assert what it asserts…, then this word will elevate them to the highest grades the grades of La ilaha illallah.
May Alláh direct us all to the blessings of the Noble Quran and benefit us in whatever is in it of the Áyát and Wise Dhikr. I say this and ask Alláh the Great, and the Most Honored for forgiveness for me, you and all Muslims for every sin. Seek His forgiveness, for He is the Most Forgiving, Most Merciful. {Source: Selected Friday Sermons}
Consider this hadith on the value that Allah the Exalted placed onLa iláha illalláh
Abu Sa`eed al-Khudri said, that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said:
“Moses (Alayhi salam) said: O Lord! Teach me something that I can remember You with and I can supplicate You with. Allah said:“Say ‘La ilaha ill Allah’, O Musa.” He (Musa) said: All of your servants say this. He (Allah) said: “If the seven Heavens and those who dwell in them other than Me and the seven Earths are put into one pan (of the scale) and ‘La ilaha ill Allah’ is put into the other; ‘La ilaha ill Allah’ would be heavier.” [Ibn Hibbaan and Haakim]
The Messenger of Allah (Sall’Allahu alayhi wa salam) said (narrated by Jabir bin `Abdullah):
“The best Dhikr (remembering Allah) is La ilaha illallah and the best supplication is Al-Hamdu Lillah.” [At-Tirmidhi, An-Nasa'i and Ibn Majah]
Let’s ensure that we never forget to make the letters La ilaha illallah a constant part of our living moments and to live by what those letters stand for. Remember, our success in this life and the hereafter is all tied to La ilaha illallah. 
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Tuesday, July 29, 2014

The Meaning and Virtues of "SubhanAllahi wa bihamdihi"

There are many hadith of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) about the power of this phrase, “ SubhanAllahi wa bihamdihi “, which means, “Glory to Allah and praise Him.”

1. Whoever says “SubhanAllahi wa bihamdihi” a hundred times during the day, his sins are wiped away, even if they are like the foam of the sea. 
[Sahih al-Bukhari; #7:168, Sahih Muslim; #4:2071]

2. Abu Dharr reported that the Prophet (s.a.w) said, “Shall I tell you the words that Allah loves the most?” I said: “Yes, tell me, O Messenger of Allah.” He said: “The words dearest to Allah are: subhanAllahi wa bihamdihi.

3. A palm tree is planted for the reciter [of the above] in Paradise. [at-Tirmidhi; 5:511, al-Hakim]

4. The Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w) said: “Two words (subhanAllahi wa bihamdihi) are light on the tongue, weigh heavily in the balance, and are loved by the Most Merciful One.”

Allah is so forgiving and gives us countless avenues toearn our forgiveness. Today, let’s have this phrase –subhanAllahi wa bihamdihi – on our tongues, and let’s earn our forgiveness, and have entire groves of palm trees planted for us in Jannah, Insha’Allah.
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Sunday, July 27, 2014

Facts about the Glorious Quran

1) What is the meaning of the word "Qur'an" ? 
A) That which is Read. 

2) Where was the Qur'an revealed first ? 
A) In the cave of Hira (Makkah) 

3) On which night was the Qur'an first revealed ? 
A) Lailatul-Qadr (Night of the Power) 

4) Who revealed the Qur'an? 
A) Allah revealed the Qur'an 

5) Through whom was the Qur'an revealed? 
A) Through Angel Jibraeel (Alaihis-Salaam) 

6) To whom was the Qur'an revealed? 

A) To the last Prophet, Muhammed (Sallahu Alaihi Wasallam).

7) Who took the responsibility of keeping the Qur'an safe? 

A) Allah himself.

8) What are the conditions for holding or touching the Qur'an? 

A) One has to be clean and to be with wudhu (ablution).

9) Which is the book which is read most? 

A) The Qur'an.

10) What is the topic of the Qur'an? 
A) Man.

11) What are the other names of the Qur'an according to the Qur'an itself? 

A) A l-Furqaan, Al-Kitaab, Al-Zikr, Al-Noor, Al-Huda.

12) How many Makki Surahs (chapters) are there in the Qur'an? 
A) 86 

13) How many Madani Surahs (chapters) are there in the Qur'an? 
A) 28 

14) How many Manzils (stages) are there in the Qur'an? 
A) 7 

15) How many Paara or Juz (parts) are there in the Qur'an? 
A) 30 

16) How many Surahs (chapters) are there in the Qur'an? 
A) 114 

17) How many Rukoo (paragraphs) are there in the Qur'an? 
A) 540 

18) How many Aayaath (verses) are there in the Qur'an? 
A 6236

19) How many times is the word 'Allah' repeated in the Qur'an? 
A) 2698 

20) How many different types of Aayaath (verses) are there in the Qur'an? 
A) 10 

21) Who is the first 'Haafiz' of the Qur'an? 

A) Prophet Muhammed (Sallalahu Alaihi Wasallam) 

22) At the time of the death of Prophet Muhammed (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) how many Huffaz were there? 
A) 22 

23) How many Aayaath (verses) on Sajda (prostation) are there in the Qur'an?
A) 14 

24) In which Paara (part) and Surah (chapter) do you find the first verse about Sajda (prostation)? 

A) 9th Paara, 7th Chapter-Surah-al-Araaf, Verse 206. 

25) How many times has the Qur'an stressed about Salaat or Namaaz (prayer)? 
A) 700 times 

26) How many times has the Qur'an emphasized on alms or charity? 
A) 150 

27) How many times in the Qur'an, is the Prophet Muhammed (Sallallahu Alaihi
Wasallam) addressed asYaa-Aiyu-Han-Nabi? 
A) 11 times 

28) Where in the Qur'an has Prophet Muhammed (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) been named 'Ahmed'? 

A) Paara 28th, Surah Saff, Ayath 6th.

29) How many times has the name of Rasool-ullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)
been mentioned in the Qur'an? 

A) Muhammed (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)-4times Ahmed (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)-1 time.

30) Name the Prophet whose name is mentioned and discussed most in the

A) Moosa (Alahis-Salaam) 

39) Which is the first and the most ancient Mosque according to the Qur'an? 
A) Kaaba 

40) In Qur'an mankind is divided into two groups. Which are those two groups?

A) Believers and disbelievers 

41) Who is the man about whom, Allah has said in the Qur'an that his body is
kept as an admonishing example for future generations to come? 
A) Fir'aun. (Pharaoh).

42) Besides the body of Pharaoh, what is that thing which is kept as an admonishing example for future generations to come? 
A) Noah's Ark. 

43) After the wreckage of Prophet Noah's Ark, which is its place of rest mentioned in theQur'an? 
A) Cave of Judi. 

46) In the Qur'an there is a mention of a Prophet who has been called by his mother's name. Who was he? 

A) Jesus [Prophet Isa (Alahis salaam)] is mentioned as Ibn Maryam. 

47) Which was the agreement that was titled Fath-hum-Mubeen' without fighting a battle? 

A) Treaty of Hudaibiya 

48) What are the different names used for Satan or Devil in the Qur'an? 

A) Iblees and Ash-Shaitaan. 

49) Which category of creature does the Qur'an put 'Iblees' into? 
A) Jinn. 

50) What were those worships and prayers that were ordered by Allah to the community of Bani Israeel and which were continued by the Muslim Ummah also? 

A) Salaat and Zakaat. (Al Baqarah:43) 

51) The Qur'an repeatedly warns of a certain day. Can you say which day it is? 

A) Youmal Qiyamah.(Doomsday) 

52) Who were those people with whom Allah was pleased and they were pleased with Him, as mentioned in the Qur'an? 

A) Companions of Prophet Muhammed. (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) 

53) In which Holy Book of Non-Muslims the Qur'an mentioned repeatedly? 

A) In the Holy Book of Sikh Community - Granth Saheb. 

54) In which year were the vowels inserted in the Qur'an? 
A) 43 Hijri. 

55) Who were the first serious students of the Qur'an? 

A) As-haabus Suffah. 

56) Which is the first Residential University where the faculty of the Qur'an was established for the first time? 

A) Masjid-e-Nabvi. [Mosque of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)] 

57) By what name did the Qur'an address those noble and pious people who were selected by Allah to convey His message to mankind? 

A) Nabi (Prophet) and Rasool (Messenger). 

58) What type of a person does the Qur'an want to make? 
A) Momin. 

59) What is the scale or measure of one's dignity according to the Qur'an? 
A) Thaqwa. (Piety) 

60) What according to the Qur'an is the root cause of the evil? 
A) Alcohol. 

61) What are the two most important types of Aayaat (Verses) found in the Qur'an? 

A) Muhakamaat and muthashabihaath. 

62) Which is the longest Surah (Chapter) in the Qur'an? 

A) Surah-al-Baqarah. 

63) Which is the smallest Surah in the Qur'an? 
A) Surah-al-Kausar. 

64) What was the age of Prophet Muhammed (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) when
Qur'an was first revealed to him through Jibraeel (Alaihis-salaam)?
A) 40 Years. 

65) How long did Prophet Muhammed (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) receive the revelation of the Qur'an in Makkah? 
A) 13 Years. 

66) How long did Prophet Muhammed (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) receive the
revelation of the Qur'an in Madinah? 
A) 10 Years. 

67) Where was the first Surah revealed? 

A) In Makkah. 

68) Where was the last Surah revealed? 
A) In Madinah. 

69) How many years did it take for the complete revelation of the Qur'an? 

A) 22 years, 5 months and 14 days. 

70) Which Surah (Chapter) of the Qur'an is to be read compulsorily in each raka'at of the Salaat (Namaaz)? 

A) Surah-al-Fatihah. 

71) Which is the Surah, which Allah taught as a Du'a (Prayer)? 

A) Surah-al-Fatihah. 

72) What is the reason of keeping Surah-al-Fatihah in the beginning of the Qur'an? 

A) It is the door to the Qur'an 

73) What is the Surah (Chapter) revealed completely and found first place in the Qur'an? 

A) Surah-al-Fatihah. 

74) Who was the only lady whose personal name is found in the Qur'an? 

A) Mariam (Alaihis-salaam). 

75) In which Surah (Chapter) of the Qur'an do you find maximum instructions?

A) Surah-al-Baqarah. 

76) When and Where did the Prophet Muhammed Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) and Jibraeel (Alaihis-salaam) meet for the second time? 

A) On Friday,18th Ramadan, in the Cave of Hira. 

77) What was the interval between the first and the second revelation? 

A) 2 years and six months. 

78) Which is the Surah (Chapter) that does not start with Bismillah? 

A) Surah-al-Taubah or Bara'ath. 

79) In which Surah (Chapter) of the Qur'an Bismillah is repeated twice? 

A) Surah-al Naml. 

80) How many Surah (Chapter) in the Qur'an have the titles named after different Prophets? 

A) 6 Surahs (Chapters): 
a) Surah-al-Yunus. 
c) Surah-al-Yusuf. 
d) Surah-al-Ibraheem. 
f) Surah-al-Muhammed. 

81) In which part of the Qur'an do you find 'Ayat-ul Kursi' (Verse of the Throne)? 

A) In the beginning of the third Part. (Chapter2-55) 

82) How many different names of Allah are mentioned in the Qur'an? 
A) 99 

85) Which is that only book which is completely memorized by millions of people in the world? 
A) Al-Qur'an. 

86) What did the Jinns who heard a few Aayaath Verses) of the Qur'an say to each other? 

A) We have heard a unique discourse which shows the right path, verily we believe in it. 

88) Into how many languages of the world has the Holy Qur'an been translated? 

A) Nearly 103 languages. 

90) What will be our condition on 'The day of the Judgment' according to the Qur'an? 

A) Everybody will be in a state of anxiety. 

91) Who was the Prophet mentioned in the Qur'an whose three generations were prophets? 

A) Ibraheem (Alaihis-salaam). 

92) What is that book which abolished all old rules and regulations? 

A) Al-Qur'an. 

93) What does the Qur'an say about property and wealth? 

A) They are tests of one's faith. 

94) According to the Qur'an who is "khaatamun Nabiyyeen" (the last of the Prophets)? 

A) Prophet Muhammed. (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)

95) What is the name of the book that tells us clearly about the reality of the beginning and the end of the world? 

A) Al-Qur'an. 

96) In the Qur'an what other name is given to the city of Makkah? 

A) Bakkah and Baladul Ameen. 

97) According to the Qur'an what other name is given to the city of Madinah?

A) Yathrib. 

98) Whose Generation is known as "Bani Israeel" according to the Qur'an?

A) The generation of Prophet Yaqoob(Alaihis salaam) who is also known as Israeel. 

99) Which are the mosques that are mentioned in the Qur'an?

a) Masjid-ul-Haram. 
b) Masjid-ul-Zirar. 
c) Masjid-ul-Nabawi. 
d) Masjid-u l-Aqsa. 
e) Masjid Quba. 

100) The name of which angels are mentioned in the Qur'an? 

a) Jibraeel. (Alaihis salaam) 
b) Meekaeel.(Alaihis salaam) 
c) Haroot.(Alaihis salaam) 
d) Maroot.(Alaihis salaam)

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9 Jeneral Perang Terhebat Dalam Sejarah Islam

1. Khalid Bin Walid Khalid ibn al-Walid (584 - 642)

Khalid bin Walid, adalah seorang panglima perang pada masa pemerintahan Khulafa ArRasyidin yang termahsyur dan ditakuti di medan perang serta dijuluki sebagai Saifullah Al-Maslul (pedang Allah yang terhunus). Dia adalah salah satu dari panglima-pangli­­ma perang penting yang tidak terkalahkan sepanjang kariernya.

2. Muhammad Al-Fatih ( Mehmed II )

Sultan Mehmed II atau juga dikenal sebagai Muhammad Al-Fatih juga dikenal sebagai el-Fatih, "Sang Penakluk". Kejaya­­annya dalam menaklukkan Konstantinopel menyebabkan banyak kawan dan lawan kagum dengan kepimpinannya serta taktik & strategi peperangannya yang dikatakan mendahului pada zamannya dan juga kaedah pemilihan tenteranya. Ia merupakan anak didik Syekh Syamsuddin yang masih merupakan keturunan Abu Bakar As-Siddiq.

3. Salahuddin Ayyubi ( Saladin ) Salahuddin Ayyubi atau Saladin atau Salah ad-Din (1138 - 4 Mac 1193)

Adalah seorang jeneral dan pejuang muslim Kurdi dari Tikrit (daerah utara Iraq sekarang). Ia mendirikan Dinasti Ayyubiyyah di Mesir, Syria, sebahagian Yaman, Iraq, Mekah Hijaz dan Diyar Bakr. Salahuddin terkenal di dunia Muslim dan Kristen karena kepemimpinan, kekuatan tentera, dan sifatnya yang satria dan pengampun pada saat ia berperang melawan tentara salib. Sultan Salahuddin Al Ayyubi juga adalah seorang ulama. Ia memberikan catatan dan berbagai macam penjelasan dalam kitab hadits Abu Dawud

4. Abu Ubaidah bin al-Jarrah.

Abu Ubaidah bin al-Jarrah adalah Muhajirin dari kaum Quraisy Mekah yang termasuk antara yang paling awal memeluk agama Islam. Ia ikut berhijrah ke Habasyah (saat ini Ethiopia) dan kemudian, beliau berhijrah ke Madinah. Ia mengikuti setiap pertempuran dalam membela Islam. Setelah wafatnya Nabi Muhammad saw, beliau merupakan salah satu calon Khalifah bersama dengan Abu Bakar dan Umar bin Khattab. Setelah terpilihnya Abu Bakar sebagai Khalifah, beliau dilantik untuk menjadi panglima perang memimpin pasukan Muslim untuk berperang melawan kerajaan Rom. Beliau meninggal disebabkan oleh wabak penyakit.

5.Sa'ad bin Abi Waqqas.

Sa`ad bin Abī Waqqās merupakan salah seorang yang awal masuk Islam dan salah satu sahabat penting Muhammad. Kepahlawanan Sa'ad bin Abi Waqqas tertulis saat memimpin pasukan Islam melawan tentara Persia di Qadissyah. Peperangan ini merupakan salah satu peperangan terbesar umat Islam.

6. Tariq Bin Ziyad.

Tariq bin Ziyad, dikenal dalam sejarah Sepanyol sebagai legenda dengan sebutan Taric el Tuerto (Taric yang memiliki satu mata), adalah seorang jeneral dari dinasti Umayyah yang memimpin penaklukan muslim atas wilayah Al-Andalus (Spanyol, Portugal, Andorra, Gibraltar dan sekitarnya) pada tahun 711 M

7. Syurahbil bin Hasanah (583-639)

Adalah sahabat Muhammad saw. Dia merupakan salah satu komander terbaik dalam pasukan Rasyidin, bertugas di bawah Khalifah Rasyidin Abu Bakar dan Umar bin Khattab. Dia merupakan salah satu komander lapangan utama selama penaklukan Muslim di Syria, bertugas sejak tahun 634 hingga kematiannya pada tahun 639 akibat wabak.

8. Abdullah bin Aamir.
Abdullah bin Aamir adalah gabenor Busrha (647–656) dan merupakan jeneral tentera yang sangat berjaya pada masa pemerintahan Khalifah Rasyidin Othman bin Affan. Dia terkenal atas kehebatannya dalam pengurusan ketenteraan.

9. Amru Bin Ash.

Pada awalnya beliau pernah mengambil bahagian dalam peperangan menentang Nabi Muhammad SAW dan kaum Muslim namun masuk Islam bersama Khalid bin Walid. Enam bulan setelah memeluk Islam, beliau bersama Rasulullah SAW menakluk Mekah dalam peristiwa Fathul Mekkah. Ia adalah panglima perang yang bijak dalam mengatur strategi perang.Beliau adalah panglima perang yang menaklukan Baitul Maqdis dan Mesir dari cengkaman Romawi. Ia kemudian dilantik sebagai gabenor Mesir oleh Umar bin Khattab, tetapi kemudian dipecat oleh Khalifah Usman bin Affan. Selanjutnya Muawiyah bin Abu Sufyan melantik kembali beliau menjadi gabenor Mesir. Panglima Amru mengerahkan tentera agar menjujung Al Quran dihujung tombak, ia menggunakan cara ini dalam pertempuran dengan Ali bin Abi Thalib agar Ali bin Abi Thalib menghentikan serangan.

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Saturday, July 26, 2014

Lessons of Fasting in Ramadan

The month of Ramadan comes and goes. We must examine ourselves now and see what we have learned and achieved during this month. The test of success of this month lies in the effects it has left upon us.
We learned in this month how to discipline ourselves for the sake of Allah. In our morning and evening, we follow a strict schedule of eating and drinking. We were constantly aware that even in our such mundane activities as eating and drinking, we must remain under divine injunctions. We changed our habits in our daily routines because we learned that we were not the servants and slaves to our habits, but always the servants of Allah. Then after Ramadan, we have to keep this spirit of discipline in other modes of our life and must continue with our submission to the commands of Allah.
Character building
We learned in Ramadan to be careful with what we say, see, hear, think and do, otherwise we could only get hunger and thirst of of fasting due to committing the sins.
Renewal of Devotional Life
Ramadan renewed our enthusiasm for worship and devotion to Allah. In this month we were more careful of our daily prayers and had special prayers at night. There is no religion without prayer and Muslims learnt in this month how to strengthen and deepen their religious life.
Renewal of Contact with the Qur'an
Ramadan and the Qur'an are linked together from the beginning. It was in this month that this divine message was revealed to Prophet Muhammad (pbuh). We are told that the Prophet peace be upon him was fasting when he received the first revelation. Fasting prepares the faithfuls' heart to learn the Word of Allah. It is the most suitable condition for our spiritual and mental communication with the Qur'an. The Muslim Ummah pays more attention to the Qur'an in this month. This renewed contact with the Qur'an must help us in following its message.
Renewal of Identity with the Ummah
Ramadan is not an individual experience only, but it is an experience in community. The whole Muslim Ummah fasts together in one and the same month. We identify with one another in our obedience to Allah. This gives us a new sense of togetherness and association. Ramadan teaches us that the Muslim Ummah is the community of piety and devotion to Allah and its members derive their strength from each other in deeds of piety and virtue.
The bonds that are based on piety and virtue are the strongest bonds and it is these bonds that prove good for mankind. The strength of the Muslim community lies in its commitment to the values of goodness, morality and piety. Ramadan leaves an imprint of all these values upon the Muslim Ummah.
A Fresh Sense of Care and Sympathy
Fasting in the month of Ramadan helps us to understand the suffering and the pains of the poor and needy. By our voluntary hunger and thirst we realize what it means to be deprived of basic necessities of life. Ramadan is called the month of charity and sympathy. We learn how to be more kind and generous in this month. Many Muslims also pay their Zakat in the month of Ramadan.
Jihad or Struggle
Fasting in Ramadan and Jihad both of them were prescribed in the same year, that is, the second year of Hijrah in Madinah. Fasting prepares for hardships and sacrifice. These are two important things without which Jihad is not possible. Muslims learn in Ramadan how to struggle against the forces of evil in their own selves, in the society around them and in the world at large.
To summarize all the moral and spiritual gifts of Ramadan, we can say that Ramadan has given us the great gift of taqwa. Taqwa is the sum total of Islamic life. It is the highest of all virtues in the Islamic scheme of things. It means, God consciousness, piety, fear and awe of Allah and it signifies submission to Allah and total commitment to all that is good and rejection of all that is evil and bad.
A community that has experienced Ramadan is a different community. It is not the same community morally, spiritually, and existentially as it was before Ramadan. Now, after Ramadan, we must use this training to strengthening our community centers and organizations, strengthening our moral and material resources and investing more in Islamic future of ourselves and our coming generations.
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Monday, July 21, 2014

Tingkatan Puasa Menurut Imam Al-Ghazali

Imam Al-Ghazali dalam kitab Ihya’ Ulumuddin membagi puasa dalam
tiga tingkatan:
1) Puasa orang awam,
2) Puasa orang khusus, dan 
3) Puasa orang super khusus.

Tingkatan pertama, iaitu puasa orang awam, adalah puasa yang hanya menahan perut (dari makan dan minum) dan kemaluan dari memperturutkan syahwat, namun masih tetap (dan tidak mampu) melepaskan diri dari perbuatan dosa dan maksiat. Imam al-Ghazali pernah berkata: “Berapa ramai orang yang berpuasa, namun ia tidak mendapatkan dari puasanya itu selain lapar dan haus. Sebab, hakikat puasa itu adalah menahan hawa nafsu, bukanlah sekadar menahan lapar dan haus. Boleh jadi orang tersebut memandang yang haram, Ghibah dan berdusta. Maka yang demikian itu membatalkan hakikat puasa.”

Golongan ini adalah orang-orang yang oleh Nabi Muhammad SAW disebut sebagai golongan orang-orang yang merugi, kerana mereka tidak mendapatkan apa-apa kecuali lapar dan dahaga. Jumlah golongan ini sangat ramai, bahkan majoriti di antara orang-orang yang berpuasa. Seboleh mungkin kita berusaha agar tidak termasuk golongan ini dengan mengamalkan puasa tingkatan kedua, iaitu puasa orang khusus (orang-orang sholeh)Puasa orang-orang sholeh adalah puasa yang selain menahan perut dan kemaluan, juga menahan semua anggota badan dari berbagai dosa dan maksiat. Menurut Imam al-Ghazali, kesempurnaannya ada 7 perkara:

Pertama, menundukkan pandangan dan menahannya dari memandang hal yang diharamkan, dicela dan dibenci (makruh) oleh agama dan norma, dan dari setiap hal yang dapat menyibukkan diri dari mengingat Allah SWT. Nabi Muhammad SAW bersabda: “Lima hal yang dapat membatalkan puasa: berkata dusta, ghibah (mengumpat orang), memfitnah, sumpah dusta dan memandang dengan syahwat.” (HR. Al-Azdiy).

Kedua, menjaga lisan dari membual, dusta, ghibah, perkataan kasar, pertengkaran, perdebatan yang tidak berguna dan mengendalikan lisan dengan diam, dzikir dan membaca Al-qur’an. Rasulullah SAW bersabda: “Puasa adalah perisai (tabir penghalang dari perbuatan dosa). Maka apabila seseorang dari kamu sedang berpuasa, janganlah ia mengucapkan sesuatu yang keji dan janganlah ia berbuat jahil.” (HR. Bukhari - Muslim). Dalam riwayat yang lain, Nabi SAW bersabda: “Barangsiapa yang tidak dapat meninggalkan perkataan kotor dan dusta selama berpuasa, maka Allah SWT tidak berhajat kepada puasanya.” (HR. Bukhari)

Ketiga, menahan pendengaran dari mendengarkan setiap hal yang dibenci karena setiap hal yang diharamkan perkataannya diharamkan pula mendengarnya. Keempat, menjaga semua anggota badan seperti tangan dan kaki dari dari berbagai dosa dan hal-hal yang dibenci, menahan perut dari memakan makanan yang subhat (meragukan) pada saat berbuka.

Kelima, tidak memperbanyak makanan pada saat berbuka sampai penuh perutnya, kerana tidak ada wadah yang dibenci oleh Allah kecuali perut yang penuh dengan makanan (meski makanan tersebut halal). Bagaimana puasa boleh bermanfaat untuk menundukkan musuhnya (setan) dan mengalahkan syahwatnya, jika orang yang berpuasa pada saat berbuka tidak mampu menahan nafsu perutnya?

Keenam, mengurangi tidur. Banyak orang yang termakan oleh hadith dhaif (lemah) “tidurnya orang berpuasa adalah ibadah”, padahal telahmenjadi kebiasaan Rasulullah SAW, apabila bulan Ramadhan tiba, beliau melipat alas tidurnya (mengurangi tidur), mengetatkan sarungnya (yakni bersungguh-sungguh dalam ibadah), serta mengajak keluarganya berbuat seperti itu pula. (HR. Bukhari-Muslim).

Ketujuh, cemas dan harap kerana takut kepada Allah. Hendaklah hatinya dalam keadaan ”tergantung” dan “terguncang” antara cemas dan harap kerana tidak tahu apakah puasanya diterima dan termasuk golongan yang muqorrobin atau puasanya ditolak sehingga termasuk orang yang merugi. Keadaan ini akan menjaga kita dari rasa riya’ dan takbur, merasa kebaikan yang dilakukan diterima oleh Allah SWT, padahal belum tentu demikian. Dengan memiliki sifat ini, kesinambungan (istiqomah) ibadah puasa dan amalan sholih selama Ramadhan akan tetap terjaga.

Tingkatan puasa yang terakhir adalah, puasanya orang super khusus, iaitu puasa yang disertai dengan puasa hati dari berbagai keinginan yang rendah dan pikiran-pikiran yang tidak berharga, juga menjaga hati dari selain Allah secara keseluruhan. Puasa ini akan menjadi ”batal” karena pikiran selain
Allah (segala pikiran tentang dunia, apapun bentuknya). Ini adalah puasanya para Nabi dan Rasul Allah SWT. 

Kalau begitu, bagaimana dengan puasa kita. Semoga kita berjaya dalam menghadai ujian ini…Amin Ya Rabbal ’alamin.

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