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Saturday, April 23, 2011

Quran verse: The night, the day, the sun, the moon, the stars...

And He has subjected to you the night and the day, and the sun and the moon; and the stars are subjected by His Command. Surely, in this are proofs for people who understand.

(AL-QURAN: سورة النحل , An-Nahl, Chapter 16, Verse 12)

Dan Dia memudahkan bagi kamu malam dan siang dan matahari serta bulan dan bintang-bintang dimudahkan dengan perintahNya untuk keperluan-keperluan kamu. Sesungguhnya yang demikian itu mengandungi tanda-tanda (yang membuktikan kebijaksanaan Allah) bagi kaum yang mahu memahaminya.

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4 Sifat Nabi & Rasul - Shiddiq, Amanah, Fathonah, Tabliq

Para Nabi dan Rasul memiliki 4 sifat Wajib dan 4 sifat Mustahil, serta 1 sifat Jaiz:
1. Shiddiq (benar), mustahil ia Kizib (dusta). Ertinya, Nabi dan Rasul bersifat benar, baik dalam tutur kata maupun perbuatannya, yakni sesuai dengan ajaran Allah SWT. “Dan Kami menganugerahkan kepada mereka sebahagian rahmat Kami, dan Kami jadikan mereka buah tutur yang baik lagi mulia”.(Quran, Surah Maryam, 19:50).
2. Amanah (dapat dipercaya)mustahil Khianat (curang). Ertinya, para Nabi dan Rasul itu bersifat jujur dalam menerima ajaran Allah SWT, serta memelihara keutuhannya dan menyampaikannya kepada umat manusia sesuai dengan kehendak-Nya. Mustahil mereka menyelewengkan atau berbuat curang atas ajaran Allah SWT.

3. Fathonah (pandai/cerdas)mustahil Jahlun (bodoh). Ertinya, para Nabi dan Rasul itu bijaksana dalam semua sikap, perkataan, dan perbuatannya atas dasar kecerdasannya. Dengan demikian mustahil mereka dapat dipengaruhi oleh orang lain.
4. Tabliq (Menyampaikan wahyu kepada umatnya), mustahil Kitman (menyembunyikan wahyu). Ertinya, para Nabi dan Rasul itu pasti menyampaikan seluruh ajaran Allah SWT sekalipun mengakibatkan jiwanya terancam. Dan katakanlah kepada orang-orang yang telah diberi Al-Kitab dan orang-orang yang ummi (buta huruf),   “Sudahkah kamu masuk Islam ?”. Jika mereka telah masuk Islam, niscaya mereka mendapat petunjuk, dan jika mereka berpaling, maka kewajibanmu hanyalah menyampaikan (ayat-ayat Allah). Dan Allah maha melihat akan hamba-hamba-Nya. (Quran, S.Ali Imran, 3:20)
Satu sifat Jaiz para Nabi dan Rasul, yaitu Arodhul Basyariyah, ertinya mereka juga memiliki sifat-sifat sebagaimana manusia pada umumnya, seperti ; makan, minum, tidur, sakit dan lain-lain sebagainya.
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The Virtues of Reciting the Quran - 16 Points

1. It is mentioned in a Hadîth that when anyone of you wishes to converse with his Creator, he should recite the Quran. In other words, reciting the Quran is like conversing with Allah Ta'âlâ. The wealthiest people are those who carry the Quran. That is, those in whose hearts Allah Ta'âlâ has placed the Quran. This means that there is no one wealthier than the person who reads the Quran and thereafter practices upon it. Through the barakah of practising upon it, Allah Ta'âlâ grants the person internal wealth and external prosperity. Hasan Basri rahmatullâhi 'alayh relates that there was a person who used to constantly come to 'Umar radiyallâhu 'anhu for his worldly needs. So 'Umar radiyallâhu 'anhu ordered this person to go and read the book of Allah (i.e. the Quran). This person went away and 'Umar radiyallâhu 'anhu did not see him again. Later, when he met him, 'Umar radiyallâhu 'anhu began complaining to him. (i.e. he complained to him saying: "I was searching for you, where did you disappear?" When a person frequently visits someone and then he suddenly stops visiting him, the latter becomes worried as to where he has disappeared or what is his condition) This person replied: "I have found in the book of Allah that which has made me self sufficient and independent of 'Umar." In other words, I have found such a verse in the Quran through which my eyes have turned away from the creation and I have begun to place my complete trust in Allah Ta'âlâ. I used to come to you for my worldly needs, now what is the need for me to come. When mentioning the verse which he had found, the person was most probably referring to the following verse and other verses which contain a similar subject matter:"Your sustenance is in the sky, and that which you have been promised (also comes from the sky)."In other words, your sustenance and all your other needs have been provided for from Our court, so what is the need to turn to others?

2. It is mentioned in a Hadîth that the most virtuous form of 'ibâdah is the recitation of the Quran. That is, after all the fard acts, the recitation of the Quran is the most virtuous of all the nafl acts.

3. It is mentioned in a Hadîth that you should honour those who have memorized the Quran. The person who honours them has in fact honoured Me. And it is obvious that it is wâjib to honour Him.

4. It is mentioned in a Hadîth that the best among you is the one who learns the Quran and teaches it.

5. It is mentioned in a Hadîth that on the day of judgement, the parents of the person who learns the Quran and practices on its injunctions shall be made to wear a crown, the light of which will be brighter than the sun which illuminates your homes in this world. In other words, the light of that crown will be brighter than the light of the sun through which it illuminates your homes in this world.If the person's parents will be accorded such a high status, what do you think the status of that person will be who practices on the laws and injunctions of the Quran?

6. It is mentioned in a Hadîth that the person who recites the Quran and thereafter thinks to himself that someone else has been granted a bounty greater than this bounty (the bounty of being able to recite the Quran), then without doubt he has despised something that Allah Ta'âlâ has elevated, and elevated something that Allah Ta'âlâ regards as despicable and insignificant. It is not befitting of a person who knows the Quran to speak in harsh terms with one who addresses him harshly and disrespectfully. Nor should he speak ignorantly with one who addresses him ignorantly. Instead, he should forgive him and overlook his faults out of honour and respect for the Quran.In other words, it is necessary for the 'ulamâ and those learned in the Quran to regard the knowledge of the Quran as the greatest and the most virtuous. If they attach more importance to any worldly thing other than the knowledge of the Quran, then they have in fact despised something that Allah Ta'âlâ has elevated. And if you despise something that the ruler has elevated, it is regarded as a major crime. It is also necessary on those learned in the Quran to abstain from conversing with people in an ignorant and disrespectful manner because the honour and respect of the Quran demands this from them. If anyone behaves ignorantly with them, they should forgive him.

7. It is mentioned in a Hadîth that Rasûlullâh sallallâhu 'alayhi wa sallam said: "The Quran is more beloved to Allah Ta'âlâ than the heavens, the earth and whatever is in between them." In other words, the status of the Quran is higher than the entire creation, and Allah Ta'âlâ loves the Quran the most.

8. It is mentioned in a Hadîth that the person who teaches a single verse to anyone becomes his master. It is not befitting for the student to abstain from helping his master at the time of need. Nor should he give preference to anyone other than his teacher if the other person is not higher in status than his teacher. If the student commits any of these acts, he has in fact broken one of the circles of Islam. In other words, by his doing this, he has put into Islam a great evil and abstained from fulfilling a great order of the Sharî'ah. The consequences of this is that there is a fear that he will be punished in this world and in the hereafter.

9. It is mentioned in a Hadîth that Rasûlullâh sallallâhu 'alayhi wa sallam said: "The person who does not respect the elderly, does not show mercy to the young and does not fulfil the rights of the 'âlim is not from my 'ummah."The person who recites the Quran and teaches it is also included in this Hadîth. The meaning of this Hadîth is that the person who has any of these qualities is out of the jamâ'ah of Rasûlullâh sallallâhu 'alayhi wa sallam and his 'Imân is very weak. It is therefore necessary to respect the old, be merciful towards the young, and to honour, respect and serve the 'ulamâ.

10. It is mentioned in a Hadîth that the person who reads the Quran, understands its meanings and commentary, and yet does not practice on it, has made his abode in hell. In other words it is a major sin to read the Quran and not to practice on it. However, ignorant people should not rejoice under the assumption that they have not studied the Quran so if they do not practice on it there is no harm. This is because an ignorant person will receive a double punishment: one for not seeking knowledge, and the other for not practising.

11. It is mentioned in a Hadîth that Rasûlullâh sallallâhu 'alayhi wa sallam was told: "A certain person recites the Quran the entire night but in the morning he goes around stealing." Rasûlullâh sallallâhu 'alayhi wa sallam replied: "Very soon, his recitation of the Quran will stop him from stealing." That is, through the barakah of this recitation, he will abandon this habit of stealing.

12. 'Alî radiyallâhu 'anhu narrates that Rasûlullâh sallallâhu 'alayhi wa sallam said: "The person who reads the Quran, memorizes it, considers its halâl to be halâl and its harâm as harâm - Allah Ta'âlâ will enter him into jannah and accept his intercession on behalf of ten persons from his family who were originally condemned to hell and upon whom hell had become wâjib.

13. It is mentioned in a Hadith that the person who listens to a single letter of the Quran while he is in a state of wudû, 10 rewards will be written in his favour, 10 sins will be wiped out, and his status will be elevated by 10. The person who recites a single letter of the Quran while he is sitting down and offering his salât, 50 rewards will be written in his favour, 50 sins will be wiped out, and his status will be elevated by 50. The person who recites a single letter of the Quran while standing shall have 100 rewards written in his favour, 100 sins wiped out, and his status elevated by 100. Allah Ta'âlâ will write one du'â in favour of the person who recites the Quran and completes it. This du'â will be accepted immediately or after some time.

14. It is mentioned in a Hadîth that the person who recites the Quran, praises Allah Ta'âlâ, sends salutations to Rasûlullâh sallallâhu 'alayhi wa sallam and asks forgiveness from Allah Ta'âlâ has in fact asked for success from its appropriate place. In other words, he followed the appropriate method of making a du'â whereby it is hoped that it would be readily accepted. In this context, praising Allah Ta'âlâ means that one should say "Alhamdulillâh" or words that have a similar meaning. To make du'â in this way after having recited the Quran has a special effect in the acceptance of du'âs as is apparent from this Hadith.

15. It is mentioned in a Hadîth that you should teach Sûrah al-Wâqi'ah to your womenfolk because it is the sûrah of wealth. In other words, by reciting this sûrah, one becomes wealthy and all the necessary expenses can be paid easily. Apart from this, one is endowed with internal "wealth" as well. As mentioned in another Hadîth that the person who recites Sûrah al-Wâqi'ah every night will never experience any shortage in his sustenance. Since women are weak-hearted, they become extremely distressed at the slightest hardship. It is for this reason that they have been specifically mentioned. On the whole, this sûrah is beneficial to all those seeking wealth; whether they be male or female.

16. The best reciter of the Quran is that person whom when he is heard, you get the impression that he is fearing Allah Ta'âlâ. This means, that he reads with attention and concentration similar to that of a frightened person speaking in the presence of a king or ruler, ever on-guard that he does not say or do anything out of place.The best way of reciting the Quran is for the person to make wudu', sit in the direction of the qiblah with humility, and begin his recitation thinking that he is conversing with Allah Ta'âlâ. If he understands the meaning of the words, he should ponder over the meanings. Wherever the words of mercy are mentioned, he should ask for Allah's mercy. Wherever His punishment is mentioned, he should ask for refuge in Allah from His punishment. On completing his recitation, he should praise Allah Ta'âlâ, send salutations to Rasûlullâh sallallâhu 'alayhi wa sallam, ask for forgiveness, ask for any of his other needs, and then send salutations to Rasûlullâh sallallâhu 'alayhi wa sallam at the end. While reciting the Quran, as far as is possible, do not allow other thoughts to enter the mind. If you happen to think of something, do not worry about it, it will disappear on its own. When reciting the Quran, try and wear clean clothes. - (Sunni Forum)
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Smiling: Islam’s easiest form of charity

“Smiling in the face of your brother is charity," Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said in a hadith authenticated by Al-Albani.

“Smiling in the face of your brother is charity … and pouring out from your bucket into your brother’s bucket is charity,” Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him) said in a hadith authenticated by Al-Albani.

In Islam, every Muslim is obliged to give to charity in whatever form to boost his piety and spread wealth and goodwill among the whole community. It’s no surprise then that the Arabic word tasadaqa (to give charity) is derived from the word “sadaqa” which means tell the truth or be sincere.

Allah (SWT) says in the Holy Qur’an: (Ye will not attain unto piety until ye spend of that which ye love. And whatsoever ye spend, Allah is aware thereof.) {Aal ‘Imran 3:92}

Therefore voluntary charity, or sadaqa, which is different than the zakah -- the compulsory alms that are collected each year -- should be part of every Muslim’s daily life. The Prophet (PBUH) said that every good deed is charity—even a smile in the face of others is charity.

Abu Dharr (may Allah SWT be pleased with him) reported that the Prophet (PBUH) said: “There is no person who does not have the obligation of (doing) charity every day that the sun rises.”

According to Abu Dharr, the Prophet (PBUH) was asked: “O Messenger of Allah, from where would we get something to give in charity (so often)?”

The Prophet replied: “Indeed the gates to goodness are many: glorifying God, praising Him, magnifying Him, saying ‘There is no god but Allah,’ enjoining the good and forbidding the wrong, removing (any source of) harm from the road, making the deaf hear (and understand), guiding the blind, showing the seeker his need, striving as far as your two legs could carry you and with deep concern to give succor to him who asks, carrying with the strength of your arms (the burdens of) the weak. All these are (acts of) charity.”

He added: “And your smiling in the face of your brother is charity, your removing of stones, thorns, and bones from people’s paths is charity, and your guiding a man gone astray in the world is charity for you.”

Smiling in the face of others strengthens any society. It’s therefore considered the easiest spiritual form of charity, which could be defined narrowly as giving out money and tangible objects to the poor.

Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) encourages Muslims to do good deeds, even if they are poor. If charity was limited to money or physical objects, many people would not be able to do humanitarian deeds.

The noble Prophet (PBUH) himself acted in a kind manner, explaining Islam to people calmly and winning their hearts and minds at the same time.

Husain (may Allah SWT be pleased with him), the grandson of the Prophet (PBUH), asked his father, Ali (may Allah SWT be pleased with him) about the Prophet's conduct. Ali replied: “He was always cheerful, gentle and mild. There was no rigidity or coarseness in his conduct. He was neither a faultfinder nor a boisterous person and he steered away from any kind of futile engagement.“ {Tabarani}

The companions of the Prophet (PBUH) also reported that he was frequently seen smiling and that he laughed at things that were humorous.

Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) smiled so spontaneously that each one of the companions thought that he is his favorite companion.

Jareer Ibn Abdullah said: “I have not seen the Prophet, since I embraced Islam, without a smile on his face. I saw him smiling when he could not see me and he was smiling in my presence.“ {Bukhari}

And Abdullaah Ibn Haarith said: “I never came across a person who smiled as much as the Prophet. The Prophet regarded smiling with a brother as an act of charity.” {Tirmidhi}

Islam is the perfect religion for any strong society. It stresses the ties of affection and love to bind the society together. Allah (SWT) says in the Qur’an: (And (as for the believers) God has brought their hearts together. And if you had spent all that is in the earth you could not have brought their hearts together.) {Al-Anfal 8:63}

There are some Muslims who do not smile, and still think they’re good Muslims because they perform their religious duties, like praying and fasting. But that’s not true, as the Prophet (PBUH) stressed the importance of social relations and love among the Islamic Ummah.

“No one of you (truly) believes until he loves for his brother what he loves for himself,” the Prophet (PBUH) said. {Al-Bukhari and Muslim}

Indeed, loving and giving are the essence of charity, so start now by meeting your family and friends with a smile. It would open up their hearts and souls, and glue your whole society together.

(Karima Saifullah/Al Jazeera/17 Nov 07)
Editor: Even smiling is very much encouraged in Islam, how could those ignorant people think Islam encourages violent?

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